What are dental implants?
Thanks to the combination of the latest technologies and many years of clinical research dental implants provide a patient with a safe, durable and aesthetic solution to the problem of missing teeth. The implant is indeed a titanium screw, screwed in during the surgery to the jaw or mandible, which, similar to the root of a healthy tooth, provides a stable and durable fixation of the prosthetic restoration. In the next stages of implant and prosthetic treatment, a special connector is placed on this screw and then the correct prosthetic crown that already imitates the right tooth.
The material from which the implant is made has not been chosen accidentally – a special titanium alloy ensures the best strength parameters, it is biocompatible with tissues, so that it does not cause allergies and most importantly allows the so-called “osseointegration” – the process of connecting the bone beams with the surface of the implant, which determines the long-term durability of its fixation in the bone.
Indications for implantation:
· the lack of a single tooth
· no tolerance for conventional dentures
· interdental defects with different span in the mandible and in the jaw
· complete toothlessness
· the lack of a bud or permanent tooth buds
The undeniable advantage of implants when it comes to rebuilding a single tooth is the possibility of saving neighbouring, healthy teeth before abrading, as is the case with conventional prosthetic bridges. What is more, thanks to the strong connection with the bone, implants behave like natural teeth and transfer to the bone all the forces and tensions generated during chewing, preventing its disappearance.
The process of implant treatment usually consists of three stages:
· implant placement
· osseointegration process
· prosthetic reconstruction
Before starting the proper treatment, a consultation visit is needed during which a dentist conducts a detailed interview and clinical examination. On the basis of pantomographic images and computed tomography, the dentist determines the thickness and shape of the jaw and mandible bones, which constitute the basis for implantation. Then, an optimal treatment plan is developed in order to suit the patient’s individual needs.
During the next visit, the dentist may perform a surgical implantation. This procedure is carried out under local or general anesthesia (sedation). The healing and osseointegration process lasts approximately from 2,5 to 6 months, during which the implant is temporarily restored. When the process of fusion of the implant with the bone is completed, a patient undergoes a minimally invasive surgery during which the implant is unveiled from under the gum and the healing screw is tightened to it. Its special shape is supposed to cause that the growing tissues will create natural and aesthetic gingival garlands. After the implant is completely placed and strongly connected to the bone, the last stage can take place, i.e. preparation and placement of a permanent prosthetic restoration – a crown or a bridge.
Recommendations for implant treatment
Most often, implant treatment is recommended for people with single missing teeth, many missing teeth with different span in the jaw, and even with complete toothlessness. It is also a great solution to the problem of patients with intolerance to conventional prosthetic restorations (e.g. acrylic dentures). Implants can also be used when a lack of permanent teeth buds happens.
The implant system we use
In our office, we offer implant treatment with the use of the modern implant system of the Swiss company called Straumann. Thanks to many years of experience, innumerable laboratory and clinical tests as well as Swiss accuracy and precision, this company is a pioneer and at the same time a leader in the design and production of dental implants. The proof of their constant pursuit of perfection is the patented Roxolid® titanium and zirconium alloy which is the base of strength and durability of their implants, as well as a special SLActive® implant coating that advances osseointegration time, thereby shortening treatment time, while strengthening the implant-bone connection.
In addition, Straumann system implants are one of the few available on the market that have a lifetime manufacturer’s warranty.